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Poverty and inequality are harsh realities in Bolivia. In spite of targeted social programs, 59 percent of the indigenous and 62 percent of rural populations still live in extreme poverty.1 Looking to improve social programming for these groups, a special unit in Bolivia’s Ministry of Planning—Unidad de Análisis de Políticas Sociales y Económicas (UDAPE)—approached the World Bank for a knowledge exchange.

Indonesia sought to improve performance audit capacity of its Supreme Audit Institution (BPK) by sharpening staff skills, revamping training modules, and building relationships with more developed auditing institutions. Indonesian delegates visited with counterparts in South Africa to discuss policies, guidelines, and training curricula; and developed an action plan for mainstreaming updated policies, training, and techniques for the implementation of performance auditing in Indonesia.

The Government of Indonesia was seeking options for local government infrastructural development in its growing urban areas as means to support its urban development agenda and implementation of decentralization. The Government participated in an exchange with Colombia, which was recognized for its experiences with fiscal decentralization, creating and managing municipal development funds, and monitoring and evaluating fund transfers.


With assistance of the Bank and other donors, Indonesia has supported a National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM), which has helped more than 70,000 villages prioritize needs and access community grants for development projects. The PNPM has been highly successful in supporting community infrastructure projects, such as building roads and water facilities, but has made limited progress applying community-driven development (CDD) approaches to enhance the livelihoods of the poor and women.

To ensure that Vietnam’s macroeconomic and structural policies could contribute to sustainable economic growth in the wake of the 2008-2009 global economic crisis, government officials participated in an exchange with Indonesia, Mexico, and Chile. Vietnamese officials learned how to institute practical reforms leading to better assessment of their banking system, and developed a policy reform agenda for preventative and corrective measures.


The Government of Vietnam wanted to strengthen its delivery in rural water supply and sanitation projects by promoting the use of a results-based approach at the local government level. Through help from the World Bank, a Vietnamese delegation consisting of key government officials visited Indonesia to exchange knowledge and share experiences on the broad topic of results-based incentives for local governments to effectively and efficiently deliver infrastructure services.


To promote efficiency and transparency in Indonesia’s power transmission and distribution system, senior officials and core technical staff in Indonesia’s power sector sought to exchange ideas with their Brazilian counterparts on conditions for and benefits of adopting smart grid technologies, understanding how smart grid applications work for utility companies, and gaining practical experience to plan and implement smart grid programs.


Indonesia faced deficiencies in trade and logistics that increased the costs of transporting goods and threatened its competitiveness.  The Government, with support of the World Bank, sought to develop and implement a strategy to improve logistics. In 2009, Indonesian officials participated in a Bank-supported study tour to Thailand, which had implemented a five-year logistics strategy and was a strong performer on the World Bank’s Global Logistics Index.

India’s national and state governments sought to build their capacity to decentralize funding and responsibilities to local governments and monitor CDD programs providing grants to communities. Indian delegates engaged in a nine-day study tour to Indonesia to learn about the structure and operations of Indonesia’s National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM), which provides similar grants.


Indonesia is a South-South Facility partner since 2013. The Government of Indonesia contributed US$1.5 million to the facility and embedded South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) at the core of its development cooperation policy framework. Indonesia recognizes SSTC as an effective development instrument that can be precisely tailored to the needs of each developing country. Since 2012, Indonesia participated in 24 SSF-funded knowledge exchanges.