Strengthening India’s National Transport Policy
- Urban Transport: Global best practices in transport infrastructure planning, traffic management and innovative technologies. Indian officials especially wanted to learn about Bus Rapid Transit systems recently developed in other countries.
- Railways: Planning, efficient project implementation, and how to prepare for initial over-capacity of the railway network.
- Inter-modal coordination: Worldwide best practices related to efficient long-term planning, coordination among various modes of transport, and modal optimization.
- Use of international standards: Relevant to transport infrastructure design (e.g., road structure, geometry, and material specifications) or efficient operation (e.g., road fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants, transport-unit per kilometer of railway tracks, number of twenty-foot equivalent units handled by meter of berth, average dwell time in ports).
- Project implementation: Access to modern project implementation processes and procedures relevant to the transport sector. India’s infrastructure gap increasingly constrains its economic growth, and the country needs to address this problem more rapidly than it has.
- Support from international organizations: Especially international specialized professional associations with whom the World Bank has partnership arrangements, such as the European Conference of Ministers of Transport, International Roads Federation, International Union of Railways, International Association of Ports and Harbors, and International Air Transport Association.
- Long-term trends in the transport sector: To help evaluate increasingly important factors: (i) greener infrastructure and cities to reduce the negative impact of transport on environment; (ii) modal shift among transport modes; (iii) carbon emission reduction; (iv) improved energy efficiency; (v) increased regulation and road user charge mechanisms and traffic congestion schemes made possible due to progress made in information & communication technologies.
Beneficiaries / Participants
The Government of India was fully committed to improving the country’s transportation system and formed a high level National Transport Development Policy Committee (NTDPC) to encourage competitive pricing. It also aimed to coordinate alternative modes of transport to provide an integrated and sustainable transport system. The framework that national governments provide for the transport sector largely determines the level of cost and efficiency in transport operations.